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介绍一下板栗树的落果病的原因以及防治方法

作者: 来源:www.lybanlimiao.com 日期:2019-07-27 10:44:19


介绍一下板栗树的落果病的原因以及防治方法

板栗树早期落果病,我国南北板栗栽培各地均有发生,严重年份能造成减产30%左右。现将板栗落果病的成因及综防措施介绍如下:

一、板栗落果病的成因 

  1、SHOUFENSHOUJINGBULIANG

宏图棋牌  JINGGUOGUANCE,JINGDONGBANLICHANQUBANLICONGXIONGHUAXUXIANLUDAOSHIHUAQIXUYAOYIGEDUOYUEDESHIJIAN,ZAI4YUEXIAXUNDAO5YUEDI。TONGYIGUOZHISHANG,XIABUXIONGHUAXUXIANKAIHUA,TONGYIHUAXUSHANG,JIBUHUAXIANKAI。HUAQIJIAOZHANG,PINGJUNYUEWEI17-18TIAN,ZHANGDEKEDA1YUEZHIJIU。XIONGHUAKAIHOU8-10TIAN,CIHUAKAIFANG。CIHUAZHUTOUXIANLUHOU,JIYOUSHOUFENNENGLI,YIBANKEWEICHI1YUEZHIJIU,JINGGUANCESHIYAN,SHOUFENZUISHIQI,WEIZHUTOUCHENG30DUJIAO—45DUJIAOSHI,YUEWEIZHUTOUSHENCHUHOUDE7—15TIAN。TONGYICIHUACUZHONG,ZHONGJIANDEHELIANGBIANDEHUA,KAIHUAQIBUTONG,SHOUFENSHIQIYEBUTONG,LIANGBIANDEHUAYUEBIZHONGJIANDEHUACHIKAI10TIANZUOYOU。ERQIEBANLIDEXIONGHUAHUAFENZHUYAOKAOFENGMEICHUANFEN,DANBANLIHUAFENLIDA,FEIXIANGLIBUQIANG,TONGCHANGFENSANDEJULIDUOZAI20MIZUOYOU,TONGSHIZHUCIXIONGHUASHOUFENSHOUJINGLVDI,YICHANSHENGSHOUFENSHOUJINGBULIANG。TEBIESHIZAIHUAQIZAOYU“MEIYU”JIJIELIANYINYUCHONGSHUA,BUFENLIYUANTONGFENG、TOUGUANGTIAOJIANBUHAODENGDENGDOUNENGZAOCHENGSHOUFENSHOUJINGBULIANGGUOSHIFAYUBULIANGZAOCHENGLUOGUO。 

宏图棋牌  2、QUESHAOMENG、PENGDENGWEILIANGYUANSU

  MENGKONGZHIZHEBANLIDEYANGHUAHAIYUANFANYING,HAISHIXUDUOMEIDEHUOHUAJI,BINGZHIJIECANJIAGUANGHEZUOYONG,MENGHAISHIYELVTIDEJIEGOUCHENGFEN。BANLIYUANZHONGQUEMENGZHISHILISHUFAYUBULIANG,CONGERDAOZHILUOGUO,TEBIESHILIYUANPHZHIPIANGAOHUOHANYANLIANGGAOYU0.2%SHIRONGYIQUEMENG。

宏图棋牌  PENGCUJINHUAFENFAYUHEHUAFENGUANSHENGZHANG,YOULIYUBANLIGUOSHIFAYU,TIGAOWEISHENGSUHETANGDEHANLIANG,ZENGJINPINZHI。QUEPENG,SHENGZHANGSHUAIRUO,FANGAIDAOGUAN、SHAIGUAN、WEIGUANSHUDENGSHUDAOZUZHIDEZHENGCHANGSHENGZHANG、FAYU,HUAYAFENHUABULIANG,SHOUJINGBUZHENGCHANG,FANZHIQIGUANFAYUBUJIANQUAN,KONGBAOLVZENGJIA,LUOHUALUOGUOYANZHONG。

  CIWAIBANLIQUEMEI、QUEXINYEHUIYINGXIANGHUAFENGUANSHENZHANGHEZIFANGFAYU,YINQILUOGUO。

宏图棋牌  3、JIANGYUPIANDA,DIWAJISHUIZAOCHENGLAOZAI

宏图棋牌  LISHUKANGLAONENGLIJIAORUO,RUYUDAOFENGSHUINIAN,LIYUANTURANGDIWAPAISHUIBULIANG,ZEYINGXIANGGENXISHENGZHANGSHENZHIFUXIU,XINGCHENGLUOGUO。   


二、防治方法 


  (YI)、PEIZHISHOUFENSHU 

宏图棋牌  BANLISUIRANKEYIZIHUASHOUFEN,DANYIHUASHOUFENNENGTIGAOZUOGUOLV24—26%,ERQIEGUOSHIDEZHONGLIANGHESHULIANGTIGAOYIBEIZUOYOU,ZHENDUIBANLIZIHUASHOUFENLVBUGAOZHEIYITEXING,LIYUANZHONGCHULEZHUZAIPINZHONG,HAIXUYAOPEIZHISHOUFENSHU。YAOXUANZEYUZHUZAIPINZHONGHUAQI、CHENGSHUQIYIZHIHUOZHEXIANGJINDEPINZHONG,MEIGE4—5XINGZAIZHIHUOZHEJIAJIE,DADAOZHUZAIPINZHONG20%ZUOYOUSHULIANGDESHOUFENSHU,DADAOYIHUASHOUFEN,TIGAOSHOUFENSHOUJINGLV,CONGERJIANQINGLUOGUOBING

       (ER)、RENGONGSHOUFENHELIYUANFANGYANGMIFENG

  ZAIBANLIXIONGHUASHENGKAIQI,CAIJIDALIANGDEXIONGHUAXUSHAOWEILIANGGAN,ROUCUOQUFENHOUZHUANGRUGANZAORONGQIBAOCUNHAO,ZAICIHUADEZHUTOUFENCHACHENG30°—45 °JIAOSHI,DADAOBANLISHOUFENZUIJIAQI,YAOXUANZEWUFENGDEQINGTIAN,JIANGBAOCUNHAODEFENFANGZAIYOUXISONGWANGYANDEBUDAIZHONG,JINXINGLIYUANRENGONGSHOUFEN,TIGAOBANLISHOUFENZUOGUOLV,JIANSHAOLUOGUOBINGFASHENG。YEKEYIZAILIYUANNEIRENGONGFANGYANGMIFENG,ZENGJIACHONGMEISHOUFEN,YENENGTIGAOBANLISHOUFENZUOGUOLV,JIANSHAOLUOGUOBINGFASHENG。 

宏图棋牌  (SAN)、BUCHONGWEILIANGYUANSU

  1、BUCHONGMENGFEI

宏图棋牌  ZHUYAOYOULIUSUANMENG,ZAIBANLICAISHOUHOUDE10—11YUEFENJIEHEQIUSHIJIFEISHIYONG,MUYONGLIANG1GONGJINZUOYOU,SASHIYAOJUNYUN。YEKEZAIKAIHUAQIANYEMIANPENSHINONGDUWEI0.1%-0.2%LIUSUANMENGRONGYE。

  2、BUCHONGPENGFEI 

宏图棋牌  KEZUOJIEHEQIUSHIJIFEI,GENBUSHIPENG,ANDASHUMEIZHU0.2—0.3GONGJIN,XIAOSHU0.1GONGJINPENGSHALIANG,YEKEYIYEMIANPENPENG,NONGDUWEI0.2%~0.3%,XUYAOZHUYIDESHIYAOXIANYONGSHAOLIANGDE45℃ZUOYOUDERESHUIRONGHUAPENGSHAZAIDUISHUIXISHI。SHIJIANWEI4YUEXIAXUNDAO6YUEDI,KEFENLIANGCIJINXING。

  3、QITAWEIFEI

宏图棋牌  ZAIBANLISHIZHANYEQIZHICHUHUAQIDE4YUEXIAXUNDAO5YUEZHONGXUN,BUCHONGLINSUANERQINGJIANONGDU0.3%DERONGYEPENYUYEMIAN。ZAI5YUEDIZHI6YUEDI,0.1%LIUSUANMEIJI0.1%LIUSUANXINHUNHEYEYEMIANPENSHI,CUJINHUAFENGUANSHENZHANGHEZIFANGFAYU,TIGAOSHOUJINGLVHEZUOGUOLV,JIANSHAOLUOGUOBING。

宏图棋牌  (SI)、JIANSHELIYUANPAILAOGOUQU,JIANGDILAOZAINIANFENDIWALIYUANDEPAILAONENGLI,JIANSHAOLUOGUOBING。

    标签:板栗树 落果病
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